The Chronically Sick and Disabled Persons Act 1970 places a duty upon local authorities to investigate the level of need for services for people with disabilities who live in their area. This includes the assessment and provision of practical assistance in the home, help with adaptations to property, leisure, and assistance with meals and a telephone.

The apparent meaning of this act has been modified by decisions of the courts. Reference should therefore also be made to the relevant case law summaries.